Thomas Eder is an Affiliated Researcher at the oiip. He is also a Guest Scholar at the University of Vienna’s Chinese Studies Department and a principal researcher for a European Commission (DG ENER) project on EU-China energy relations. He holds a PhD (Department of International Law and International Relations) and MA (Chinese Studies) from the University of Vienna, and an LL.M. (Chinese Law) from the University of Hong Kong. From 2016 to 2020 he was a Research Associate with the Mercator Institute for China Studies (MERICS) in Berlin. In 2020, he accepted a MOFA Taiwan Fellowship and Guest Scholar stay at the Academia Sinica (Taipei) and a fellowship at the Institute of Human Sciences (IWM) in Vienna. He is the author of “China and international adjudication” (Nomos, 2021) and “China-Russia relations in Central Asia” (Springer, 2014). His research interests include Chinese foreign and security policy, China and international law, and European China policy.
- PhD in International Law and International Relations, University of Vienna (2020)
- LL.M. in Chinese Law, Hong Kong University (2013)
- MA in Chinese Studies, University of Vienna (2013)
- Mag. iur. / LL.B. in Law, University of Vienna (2011)
- BA in Chinese Studies, University of Vienna / Peking University (2008)
- Guest Scholar (post doc), University of Vienna, Chinese Studies Department (2021-ongoing)
- Visiting Fellow, Institute of Human Sciences (IWM), Vienna (2020)
- MOFA Taiwan Fellow and Guest Scholar, Academia Sinica, Taipei (2020)
- Research Associate, Mercator Institute for China Studies, Berlin (2016-2020)
- Research Associate, University of Vienna, Department of International Law and International Relations (2014-2016)
- Junior Officer, Austrian Foreign Ministry (2014)
- China and International Adjudication. Caution, Identity Shifts, and the Ambition to Lead, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2021.
- China-Russia Relations in Central Asia. Energy Policy, Beijing’s New Assertiveness and 21st Century Geopolitics, Wiesbaden: Springer, 2014.
(Policy) journal articles
- ‘Partner und Konkurrent – China etabliert sich in der internationalen Sicherheitspolitik’, Internationale Politik, Januar/Februar 2019.
- ‘Belt, Road, and Sword’, Berlin Policy Journal, 3 January 2019.
- ‘China leans in on international adjudication – Why Beijing’s answer to defeat will be more forceful engagement’, European Journal of International Law (EJIL) Talk, 2 May 2018. [online publication, peer-reviewed]
- ‘Only Rocks and a Hard Place’, Berlin Policy Journal, 14 July 2016 (with Mikko Huotari)
- ‘Is China’s challenge to maritime law facilitated by Western neglect?’, Europe’s World, 20 June 2016 (with Hanns Maull).
- ‘Moscow’s Failed Pivot to China. And How it Benefits Europe’, Foreign Affairs, 17 April 2016 (with Mikko Huotari).
- ‘Sino-Russian Relations. The Impact of Central Asian Energy Resources’, 6 Vienna Journal of East Asian Studies 2014, 35-73. [academic, peer-reviewed]
Think tank studies and working papers
- ‘Networking the “Belt and Road” – The future is digital’, MERICS Belt and Road Tracker, August 2019 (with Jacob Mardell and Rebecca Arcesati).
- ‘Powering the Belt and Road – China supports its energy companies’ global expansion and prepares the ground for potential new supply chains’, MERICS Belt and Road Tracker, June 2019 (with Jacob Mardell).
- ‘Chinas Marsch nach Westen – Aufstieg in Zentralasien und Afghanistan’, Arbeitspapier Sicherheitspolitik, No. 13/2018, Bundesakademie für Sicherheitspolitik.
- ‘The BRI in Pakistan: China’s flagship economic corridor’, MERICS BRI Tracker, 18 September 2018.
- ‘Mapping the Belt and Road Initiative’, MERICS BRI Tracker, 7 June 2018.
- ‘Chinese Approaches to the Eastern Neighborhood’, in Popescu/Secrieru (eds.), Third Powers in Europe’s East, EUISS Chaillot Paper, No. 144, March 2018, pp. 13-20.
- ‘China’s emergence as a global security actor – strategies for Europe’, MERICS Paper on China, June 2017 (with Mikko Huotari et al).
- ‘China’s global law enforcement drive – the need for a European response’, MERICS Monitor, January 2017 (with Bertram Lang and Moritz Rudolf).
- ‘Can Turkey play the Shanghai card? China’s take on Ankara’s Eurasian security endeavors and what it means for Europe’s security architecture’, Arbeitspapier Sicherheitspolitik No. 6/2017, Bundesakademie für Sicherheitspolitik.
- ‘Greening the Belt and Road: Action points for Western-based foundations’, December 2019, 12 pages [for the MacArthur Foundation].
- ‘Making sense of China’s growing economic and political footprint in Noord-Brabant’, October 2019, 38 pages [for the Province of Noord-Brabant, Netherlands].
Further short publications
- ‘China’s distinct path to engaging international courts. Not your ordinary BRIC’, IWM Post Summer 2021.
- ‘The BRI in Pakistan: Too big to fail’, MERICS Blog, 20 September 2018.
- ‘China’s New Foreign Policy Setup – How has Xi Jinping remade China’s foreign policy apparatus?’, The Diplomat, 1 August 2018.
- ‘Belt and Road reality check: How to assess China’s investment in Eastern Europe’, MERICS Blog, 10 July 2018.
- ‘The Pitfalls of Law Enforcement Cooperation With China’, The Diplomat, 21 January 2017 (with Bertram Lang).
- ‘How to Protect Europe’s Interests in the South China Sea’, The Diplomat, 12 July 2016 (with Jan Gaspers).
- ‘Will China Replace Europe as Russia’s Main Gas Customer’, 116 IWM Post Fall/Winter 2015, 10.
- ‘Sino-Russian Alignment and the Central Asia Factor’, Central Eurasian Studies Society – Annual Conference, Princeton, 11/2016.
- ‘From Isolation to Engagement – (Potential) PRC International Dispute Resolution Practice in Economic and Territorial Disputes’, Asian Society of International Law – Biennial Conference, Bangkok, 11/2015.
- ‘Chinese Academic Discourse on International Dispute Resolution and Sovereignty in Trade and Investment Disputes’, European China Law Studies Association – Annual Conference, Cologne, 10/2015.
- ‘Part One – The Legal Structures of Ombudsman and Similar Public Institutions in Asia – A Legal Comparative Analysis’, ‘China’ (and other chapters), in Kriebaum/Kucsko-Stadlmayer (eds.), Asian Ombudsman Institutions, Vienna: Verlag Österreich, 2016.
- ‘“Harmonious Arbitration”. ADR with Chinese Characteristics’, in Kaminski (ed.), Neues vom chinesischen Recht, Vienna: ÖGCF, 2014.